There are several causes of tooth discoloration, including:
Foods/drinks. Coffee, tea, colas, wines, and certain fruits and vegetables can stain your teeth.
- Tobacco use. Smoking or chewing tobacco can stain teeth.
- Poor dental hygiene. Inadequate brushing and flossing to remove plaque and stain-producing substances like coffee and tobacco can cause tooth discoloration.
- Disease. Several diseases that affect enamel (the hard surface of the teeth) and dentin (the underlying material under enamel) can lead to tooth discoloration. Treatments for certain conditions can also affect tooth color. For example, head and neck radiation and chemotherapy can cause teeth discoloration. In addition, certain infections in pregnant mothers can cause tooth discoloration in the infant by affecting enamel development.
- Medication.The antibiotics(tetracycline, doxycycline) are known to discolour teeth when given to children whose teeth are still developing (before age 8). Mouth rinses and washes containing chlorhexidine and cetylpyridinium chloride can also stain teeth.Antihistamines(Benadryl) antipsychotic drugs, and drugs for high blood pressure also cause teeth discoloration.
- Dental materials. Some of the materials used in dentistry, such as amalgam restorations, can cast a gray-black color to teeth.
- Advancing age. As you age, the outer layer of enamel on your teeth gets worn away, revealing the natural yellow color of dentin.
- Genetics. Some people have naturally brighter or thicker enamel than others.
- Environment. Excessive fluoride either from environmental sources (naturally high fluoride levels in water) or from excessive use (fluoride applications, rinses, toothpaste and fluoride supplements taken by mouth) can cause teeth discoloration.
- Trauma. For example, damage from a fall can disturb enamel formation in young children whose teeth are still developing. Trauma can also cause discoloration to adult teeth.
The amount of staining depends on the frequency and amount of exposure to staining agents. The occasional blueberry muffin won’t cause a lot of discoloration but a pack-a-day smoking habit will yellow your smile in short order. Help minimize your risks by rinsing your mouth with water after consuming a known staining agent. Using a straw can help by allowing the staining culprit to sneak past the teeth.
There are several ways in removing stains such as Hygienist visits, customized bleaching trays and whitening gel,etc.! Call us today to find out more at 01932570099.